Pigeons being stout-bodied and having short bodies and slender bills tend to populate most areas of the cities and small towns. Being Ariel creatures makes them capable of transmitting diseases from one part of the town to the other. And pigeon feces remains the most vivacious and deadly means for transmission of harmful viruses and bacteria.
Are they harmful?
Pigeons being in groups produce a large amount of droppings/feces which not only makes the area very dirty and deteriorates its visual appeal but also pigeon droppings are acidic in nature and thus pose serious damage to monuments and marble structures. In this manner, they are responsible for damaging heritages and famous city places which take a lot of time and money for renovation. In addition to this, they are hazardous to the human public as they are responsible for diseases like histoplasmosis and cryptococcosis.
When people breathe in the wind around pigeon dropping they inhale a kind of fungus in their body which grows from the dropping and is responsible for causing the disease “Histoplasmosis”. The same dimorphious fungus grows in bat droppings in caves and soil and is present either in yeast or filamentous form. Effects of Histoplasmosis include fatigue, mild fever followed by pain in the chest. Though initially, everything appears normal as the symptoms take around 10-13 days to show an effect but once effected this disease can be transmitted from one person to another. People with weak immune systems have been shown to be more prone to this disease. Cryptococcosis is another disease which is caused by yeast found in the intestines of the pigeons.Once affected it strikes the persons central nervous system of the victim and thus is harmful. According to the studies at the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC), nearly 85 percent of cryptococcosis patients have been found out to be HIV positive.
What you can do?
In order to prevent yourself and your families, it is necessary to carry out proper cleaning procedures from time to time. Children and animals should be prohibited entering the places where debris has been accumulated. Pigeons feed on anything thus no extra food must be littered outside the house and proper waste management should be followed. Pigeons should not be fed anything. In case the droppings and debris have accumulated in closed areas like an attic, open windows and fans should be used to let fresh air come in the room and then cleaning procedure should be followed.